In the worst cases of options backdating abuse, the stock exchange on which the offending company's stock trades and/or regulatory bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or National Association of Securities Dealers can levy substantial fines against the company for perpetrating fraud.
(For more information, see .) The executives of companies involved in backdating scandals may also face a host of other penalties from a range of governmental bodies.
But ultimately, it can prove to be quite costly to shareholders.
(To learn more, see .) Cost to Shareholders The biggest problem for most public companies will be the bad press they receive after an accusation (of backdating) is levied, and the resulting drop in investor confidence.
Among the agencies that could be knocking on the door are the Justice Department (for lying to investors, which is a crime), and the IRS for filing false tax returns.
Another potential ticking time bomb, is that many of the companies that are caught bending the rules will probably be required to restate their historical financials to reflect the costs associated with previous options grants. In others, the costs may be in the tens or even hundreds of millions of dollars.It also provides investors with timely access to (grant) pricing information.