The APCC cards were somewhat more crudely drawn than their R&M counterparts.Above: US1 by American PCCo, whist size, c.1910However, there is also a R&M version of US1 in which the JD is turned normally, but is not like the JD of US1.1, and the KC and QD look more like those of Goodall's design; this I designate US1.2.It had its own courts, US2, similar to US1, but always with a traditional turned JD.Above: National Card Co., US2Some of the early US Printing Co.(I don't use the prefix US to stand for USPCC, but for any major US design, including those of Arrco, Whitman, Brown & Bigelow and Gemaco.)Above: Russell & Morgan, US1, 1881-94Notice that these are quite distinctive, though they have echoes of Goodall's design (perhaps not surprising, given the rôle Victor Mauger played in Russell & Morgan), but the JD is peculiar.His clothing is idiosyncratic and although his body has been turned to the left, his head has remained unturned.Above: Consolidated-Dougherty use of US3, c.1930Although the Planet pack has an anonymous AS, the remains of the 10c tax stamp show AD in red.These packs are likely to be from the end of the period of use of US3.
Some time around the change to USPCC in 1894 these courts were redrawn with a more traditional JD and were used with small frames, as in Fauntleroy patience, Trophy Whist with standard courts, Astrological Fate Cards 72 and New Index 87.
They are still in use in large index packs and have been copied by Copag for many years.
Above: US1.1, redrawn JD, c.1895 onwards US1 was used by other US makers such as American Playing Card Co, Kalamazoo, which in turn ended up as part of USPCC some time after 1915.
(Thanks to Tom Dawson for confirming my assumptions.)The next set of courts took US3 as a basis and turned the usual six courts resulting in US4.
These were introduced in c.1900 and continued in use up until the 1950s.These were often the courts that ousted take-over courts, for example in National Card Co. A smaller firm which had its own design of courts was Perfection, with some influence from the R&M courts, which lasted from 1885 until c.1915, but in the later years under the guidance of USPCC.