The sentence is traditionally (and inadequately) defined as a word or group of words that expresses a complete idea and that includes a subject and a verb. The four basic sentence structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, the complex sentence, and the compound-complex sentence.
UNIT 1 MY FAMILY, MY FRIENDS AND I 15 My family and I 15 Our Flat 17 Family and Family Problems 19 My Attitude to Family 20 Household Chores 22 My Ideal House 24 Dialogues 25 Writing 28 UNIT 2 RELATIONSHIP WITH FRIENDS, RELATIVES AND ADULTS 29 My Best Friend 29 Teens' Problems 30 Generation Gap 33 It's Great to Be a Teenager 35 Youth Takes More Risks 37 Russian and American Teens 38 Success in Life 40 Teenagers and Money 42 Childhood and Adolescence 44 In Work and out of Work 46 Understanding Boys and Girls 47 Teenagers in Great Britain .
The Pada 2.1 opens with Adhikarana on Samkhya and Vaisheshika schools arguments that Smritis should be a basis for examining the concept of Brahman, and their objections to the Vedanta theory of reflection.
The Brahmasutra asserts in 2.1.13 through 2.1.20 that the subject and object are one in Brahman, that agrees with Samkhya there is an identity in cause and effect, adding that the Brahman and the empirical world are therefore one.
49 Teenage Groups and Movements 51 International Youth Contacts 53 Dialogues 54 Writing 57 UNIT 3 LEISURE ACTIVITIES 59 Leisure Activities of British and Russian Teenagers 59 Howthe British Relax 62 Club Culture in Britain 63 Great Dating Ideas 64 Hobbies 66 How Teenagers Spend Their Holidays 67 Dialogues 69 Writing 72 UNIT 4 FASHION 74 Fashion and Clothes 74 Modern Styles 76 Teenage Clothes and Fashion 78 Tattoos and Body Piercing 80 A Short History of Hair 82 Fashion and Colour 84 Dialogues 86 Writing 88 UNIT 5 FOOD AND SHOPPING 90 Eating Habits in Britain 91 American Food 92 Shops in Britain 94 British Shopping Habits 96 American Shopping Habits 98 Shopping 100 Dialogues 102 Writing 107 UNIT 6 EDUCATION AND CAREER 109 Were You Happy at School? 112 My Further Education 114 Choosing a Career 117 My Future Profession 119 Dialogues 122 Writing 127 UNIT 7 EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS 130 British Educational System 130 Schools in Britain 132 Higher Education in Britain 135 American System of Education 137 School Education in the USA 139 Higher Education in the USA 141 Schools in Russia 144 Higher Education in Russia 146 Dialogues 147 Writing 152 UNIT 8 LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES 153 English Today 153 English asa World Language 154 Learning Foreign Languages 157 British English 159 American English 161 Dialogues 163 Writing 167 UNIT 9 TRAVELLING AND TOURISM 169 Travelling 169 Seasons and Travelling 171 Travelling... 173 Tourism: Pros and Cons 175 Dialogues 177 Writing 185 UNIT 10 GREAT BRITAIN 187 Great Britain 187 British Climate 189 Britain and the World 191 British Government 193 British Character 195 National Stereotypes 197 What to See in the UK?
200 Dialogues 202 Writing 205 UNIT 11 THE USA 206 The United States of America 207 American Climate 208 American Political System 210 American Government 212 Political Parties 215 American People 217 American Values and Beliefs 219 Dialogues 221 Writing 225 UNIT 12 CANADA, AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND 227 Canada 227 The Symbols of Canada 230 Canada's Inventions 231 Australia 233 The Symbols of Australia 236 Plants and Animals in Australia 237 New Zealand 239 Dialogues 241 Writing 244 UNIT 13 FAMOUS CITIES AND TOWNS 245 London 245 London Today 248 Famous British Cities and Towns 250 Washington, DC 253 Main Cities of the USA 255 Main Cities of Canada 258 Canberra 261 Sydney 262 New Zealand's Main Cities 264 Living in the City 266 Dialogues 268 Writing 272 UNIT 14 RUSSIA 274 Russia 274 Russian Political System 276 Russian Character 278 Moscow 280 Saint Petersburg 282 Ancient Russian Cities 284 Famous Russian Cities 286 Dialogues 289 Writing 295 UNIT 15 CULTURE 297 Russian Culture 297 Moscow Museums and Galleries 299 Museums and Art Galleries in St.
Adi Shankara commentary: "Perception means Sruti; for its validity it is not dependent on anything else; inference is Smriti".
The sutras 1.1.5-11 quotes the Samkhya school's view that the Principle of the world is unconscious, and instead asserts that the Principle of the world is conscious and the Brahman itself.
The last nine Adhikaranas of the third Pada discuss the nature of soul, whether it is eternal, is soul an agent, soul's relationship to Brahman, and states its proof that the soul exists and is immortal.
The sutras 2.1.21 through 2.1.36 present the problem of evil, offering its own doctrine to address it, asserting that Brahman is neither unjust nor cruel, and that inequality and evil exists in the world because of will, choices and circumstances created by actions of living beings over time.
Ramanuja and Shankara disagree in their formulation as well as critique of then extant orthodox traditions, in their respective commentaries, but both agree that the theory on emergence of Pradyumna (intellect) in the competing orthodox system is the primary flaw.
The first chapter is regarded in Vedanta tradition as Samanvaya (Harmony), because it distills, synchronizes and brings into a harmonious whole the seemingly diverse and conflicting passages in various Sruti texts.
Perception, Inference and Word शब्द इतिचेन्नातः प्रभवात्प्रत्यक्षानुमानाभ्याम् If it be said that a contradiction will result in regard to Word (Vedas), we say that it is not so because the origination of everything is from perception and inference.
This is likely, given that both Badarayana and Jaimini quote each other as they analyze each other's theories, Badarayana emphasizing knowledge while Jaimini emphasizes rituals, sometimes agreeing with each other, sometimes disagreeing, often anti-thesis of the other.